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Breeding crop species

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: R.F2a.BCS.SM.RROEY Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: Breeding crop species
Jednostka: Wydział Rolniczo-Ekonomiczny
Grupy:
Punkty ECTS i inne: 2.00
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Skrócony opis: (tylko po angielsku)

Field of study: Agriculture/ ECTS:2/ semester: 2

Profile: General academic / Form and level: MSc

Status: major/facultative

Prerequisities: botany, genetics, plant physiology

The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the theoretical basis of plant breeding, application of genetic phenomenons in crop improvement. The course covers issues related to the achievements of breeding and its contribution in progress of plant production. Presents methods of collecting, inducing and using genetic variation for the breeding purposes, taking into account conventional methods, biotechnology and the use of heterosis in creative breeding.

Pełny opis: (tylko po angielsku)

Lectures:

1-3. The role of plant breeding in crop production. Direction of plant breeding, achievements of crop improvements

4-5. Centers of plant origin, biodiversity, genetic erosion, gene banks

6-7. Germplasm for plant breeding, mutation and their application in plant breeding, polyploid, transgenic plants

8-9. Haploid plant production, methods and advantages of DH line production in plant breeding, application in resistance plant breeding

10-11. Conventional methods in plant breeding for autogamous and allogamous plants

12-13. Heterosis breeding (hypothesis explaining phenomenon of heterosis, examples of heterosis varieties in crop production)

14-15. Organization of plant breeding in Poland, plant breeding companies

Classes:

1-3.Genetic consequences of autogamous and alogamous plant reproduction – calculation of gene and genotype frequencies in autogamous and allogamous plant population. Selection and effectiveness of selection (mass and individual selection, before and after flowering, selection in diploids and autopolyploid

4-5. The variability in plant breeding – qualitative and quantitative traits, ways of gene action, allelic and non-allelic interaction, heredity and its estimation

6-7. The ways of enhancing variability in plant breeding – biology of flowering of selected crops, emasculation, pollination

8-9. Laboratory test to estimate the level or plant resistance - facultative pathogen propagation, inoculum production for lab, greenhouse and field tests purposes – media, conditions, preservation

10-12. Mutagenesis, mutation breeding, gene mutation, genome mutation – prospect and limitation

13-15. Analysis of selected breeding method in autogamous and allogamous plant, heterosis breeding

Structure of student's activity:

Lectures and classes realized with direct contribution of lecturer: 30 hrs 1.2 ECTS

including lectures: 15 hrs

classes: 15 hrs

Consultations: 3 hrs and contribution in exams: 2 hrs, 0.2 ECTS

Self study: 15 hrs, 0.6 ECTS

Literatura: (tylko po angielsku)

Basic:

1. Pohelman J.M. Sleper D.A.1995. Breeding Field Crops. Iowa State University Press/Ames

2. Harten A.M.1998. Mutation breeding. Theory and practical application. Cambridge University Press

3. Taji A., Kumar P., Lakshmamanan P. 2002. In vitro plant breeding. Food Products Press

Complementary:

Uzupełniająca 1. Dhan Pal Singh, 1986: Breeding for resistance to disease and insect pest. Springer - Verlag

2. Jacobs Th., Parlevist J.E., 1993: Durability of disease resistance, Kluwer Academic Publishers

3. Kang M.S. 2002.Crop improvement. Chalanges in the twenty first century. Food Product Press

4. Skrzypek E, Noga A., Warchoł M., Czyczyło-Mysza I., Dziurka K., Marcińska I., Juzoń K., Warzecha T., Sutkowska A., Nita Z., Werwińska K. 2016. Conversion of oat (Avena sativa L.) haploid embryo into plants in relation to embryo developmental stage and regeneration media. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant. 52: 590-597

Efekty uczenia się: (tylko po angielsku)

After the course student:

Knowledge:

- describe basic terms, methods and effects of plant breeding

- characterize germplasm applied in plant breeding (plant genetic resources, mutants, transgenic plants)

- possess knowledge and characterize ways of crop plant reproduction and steps of plant breeding from germplasm collecting through recombination and selection to new cultivar

Skils:

- calculate frequency of genes and genotypes in autogamous and allogamous plant population

- estimate breeding ability based on heredity of traits in crop plant populations

- match breeding method to certain crop species considering way of reproduction way of inheritance of trait, can perform basic methods in breeding of new cultivars (isolation, emasculation, pollination)

Social competence:

- understand the necessity of plant genetic resources conservation, in natural environment and generated through artificial selection as a potential germplasm for plant breeding

- understands the relation between genes and phenotype, plant breeding and crop production

Metody i kryteria oceniania: (tylko po angielsku)

Lectures:

Written test exam, for passing an examination at least 60% of questions should be answered correctly. The contribution of the evaluation of the lectures in the final grade is 50%.

Classes:

Evaluation of individual project. For passing laboratory classes the project should be properly executed. The contribution of the evaluation of laboratory classes in the final grade is 50%.

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2018/2019" (zakończony)

Okres: 2019-02-25 - 2019-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:


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Typ zajęć: Ćwiczenia audytoryjne, 15 godzin więcej informacji
Wykład, 15 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Elżbieta Golemiec, Tomasz Warzecha
Prowadzący grup: Elżbieta Golemiec, Tomasz Warzecha
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie na ocenę
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie.