Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie - Centralny System UwierzytelnianiaNie jesteś zalogowany | zaloguj się
katalog przedmiotów - pomoc

Crop Improvement

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: R.4s.CRI.NI.RROAY Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: Crop Improvement
Jednostka: Instytut Biologii Roślin i Biotechnologii
Grupy:
Punkty ECTS i inne: (brak)
zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: (brak danych)
Skrócony opis:

Students will learn the process of plant breeding that leads to the development of new, advanced cultivars of arable and vegetable crops. They will learn methods of conventional breeding based on crosses and principles of biotechnological methods that can be used to support breeding efforts. These will include plant cell and tissue culture in vitro, molecular diagnostics and plant genetic modification. During practicals students will experience issues related to evaluation of breeding materials, they will establish tissue culture of selected species and assess breeding materials using various molecular techniques of DNA analysis.

Pełny opis:

Students will learn the process of plant breeding that leads to the development of new, advanced cultivars of arable and vegetable crops. They will learn how to utilize genetic resources to create new variation and what methods like crossing, selfing, inbreeding and mutagenesis are applied in breeding programs. Breeding programs leading to development and registration of new open-pollinating and F1 hybrid cultivars will be presented. Conventional breeding will be extended to biotechnological methods useful in breeding process. These will include in vitro techniques, like micropropagation, selection and haploid production. Molecular breeding will focus on the use of various DNA analyses techniques for diagnostic purposes, like marker assisted selection and hybrid purity. Development and importance of genetically modified crops will be discussed. During practicals, students will compare breeding materials with regard to their morphological characters and the content of the selected chemical components. They will learn how to establish plant tissue culture, micropropagate and induce development of haploids. Students will work with DNA and generate molecular markers based on PCR technique, separate them in gels and interpret observed variation of polymorphic markers. Students will prepare an essay about breeding of the selected crop.

Lectures :

Genetic resources, domestication and breeding principles 2

Crossing methods 2

Hybrid breeding 2

Plant cell, tissue and organ culture in vitro 3

Molecular breeding 4

Genetically modified crops 2

Laboratory classes :

Morphological and chemical evaluation of breeding materials 5

Micropropagation and haploid production in vitro 5

Assessment of DNA and isozyme polymorphisms in breeding materials 5

Subject statistic

1. Number of hours and ECTS credits - compulsory subject Hours: 125; ECTS: 5

2. Number of hours and ECTS credits - facultative subject Hours: -; ECTS: -

3. Total number of hours and ECTS credits, a student must earn by direct contact with academics (lectures, classes, seminars....) Hours: 30; ECTS: 1,2

4. Total number of hours and ECTS credits, a student earns in the course of a practical nature, such as laboratory, field trips and design classes Hours: 15; ECTS: 0,6

5. Expected personal workload (without or with academics participation during consultations) necessary for realization of subject objectives. Hours: 95; ECTS: 3,8

Literatura:

Genetics and breeding for crop quality and resistance. Scarascia Mugnozza G.T., Porceddu E., Pagnotta M.A. (eds) 1999. Kluwer, ISBN 0-7923-5844-9

Transgenic crop plants. Kole C., Michler C.H., Abbott A.G., Hall T.C. (eds). 2010. Springer ISBN 978-3-642-04808-1

Molecular techniques in crop improvement. Mohan Jain S., Brar D.S. (eds) 2010. Springer, ISBN 978-90-481-2966-9

Efekty uczenia się:

The student knows the aims and principles of plant breeding.

The student knows various methods utilized in creation of new genetic variation.

The student knows biotechnological methods that can be implemented in breeding process.

The student can compare and assess breeding materials.

The student can work with plant tissue cultured in vitro.

The student can perform basic analyses of DNA.

Is willing to continuously improve his/her knowledge

Is aware of importance of modern breeding techniques in agriculture

Metody i kryteria oceniania:

Methods and criteria of grading: test, oral presentation, essay, written report

Grade E (2.0) Student does not know breeding aims and methods.

Grade D (3.0) Student knows breeding aims and conventional breeding methods.

Grade C (3.5) Student knows breeding aims, conventional and biotechnological methods.

Grade B (4.0) Student knows breeding aims, conventional and biotechnological methods, can discuss potential effects of breeding process.

Grade B+ (4.5) Student knows breeding aims, conventional and biotechnological methods, can discuss potential effects of breeding process and interpret results of molecular analyses.

Grade A (5.0) Student knows breeding aims, conventional and biotechnological methods can discuss potential effects of breeding process, interpret results of molecular analyses and plan breeding program of new cultivar.

Przedmiot nie jest oferowany w żadnym z aktualnych cykli dydaktycznych.
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie.